|The Use of Hard and Soft Influence Tactics in Cooperative Task Groups
|| Barbara van Knippenberg, Rob van Eijbergen, Henk Wilke
||This study focused on the effect of relative competence and confidence in one's own task solution on the use of hard and soft influence tactics. For this purpose a 2 (relative competence: high/low) x 2 (influence tactic: hard/soft) between-subjects design, with the level of confidence generated by task characteristics as within-subjects factor, was employed. Results revealed that high competence individuals were less susceptible to the strength of the available influence tactic than low competence individuals: whereas high competence group members used hard tactics about as often as soft tactics, low competence group members used hard tactics less often than soft ones. However, this effect only showed when the task gave rise to high confidence in one's own task solution. When low competence group members had relatively low confidence, the frequency by which they used soft tactics declined substantially. All in all, the results suggest that people who aim for a positive g roup outcome employ influence tactics cautiously.
||Group Processes Intergroup Relations, Vol. 2(3)
||influence tactics, social influence, task performance