Power, Conflict, and Community: How Gendered Views of Political Power Influence Women's Political Ambition
Author(s): Monica C. Schneider, Mirya R. Holman, Amanda B. Diekman, Thomas McAndrew
Abstract: We provide a novel approach to understanding the political ambition gap between men and women by examining perceptions of the role of politician. Across three studies, we find that political careers are viewed as fulfilling power-related goals, such as self-promotion and competition. We connect these goals to a tolerance for interpersonal conflict and both of these factors to political ambition. Women's lack of interest in conflict and power-related activities mediates the relationship between gender and political ambition. In an experiment, we show that framing a political career as fulfilling communal goals—and not power-related goals—reduces the ambition gap.
Publication Title: Political Psychology, Vol. 37(4)
Pub Year: 2106
Pages: 515 – 531
URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pops.12268
Keywords: political ambition, gender, conflict avoidance, role congruity, political behavior

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