Looking Out From the Top: differential Effects of Status and Power on Perspective Taking
Author(s): Steven L. Blader, Aiwa Shirako, Ya-Ru Chen
Abstract: The impact of hierarchical rank on perspective taking is both practically and theoretically important, prompting considerable research attention to this issue. However, prior research has primarily examined how power affects perspective taking, and has neglected to investigate the impact of status (i.e., the respect and esteem that an individual holds in the eyes of others). Yet status represents a distinct and ubiquitous basis of hierarchical differentiation, one that may profoundly affect perspective taking. The current research addresses this gap, theorizing and testing the prediction that high status enhances perspective taking, in contrast to prior research that has generally found that high power diminishes perspective taking. Five studies, examining various forms of perspective taking across diverse paradigms, provide converging evidence that status and power exert differential effects on perspective taking. Moreover, these studies provide insight regarding the distinction between status and power, as well as the distinct psychology associated with status.
Publication Title: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Vol. 42(6)
Pub Year: 2016
Pages: 723 – 737
URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167216636628
Keywords: status, power, perspective taking, hierarchy, social attention

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