Roots run deep: Investigating psychological mechanisms between history of family aggression and abusive supervision
Author(s): Patrick Raymund James M. Garcia, Simon Lloyd D. Restubog, Christian Kiewitz, Kristin L. Scott, Robert L. Tang
Abstract: In this article, we examine the relationships between supervisor-level factors and abusive supervision. Drawing from social learning theory (Bandura, 1973), we argue that supervisorsí history of family aggression indirectly impacts abusive supervision via both hostile cognitions and hostile affect, with angry rumination functioning as a first-stage moderator. Using multisource data, we tested the proposed relationships in a series of 4 studies, each providing evidence of constructive replication. In Study 1, we found positive relationships between supervisorsí history of family aggression, hostile affect, explicit hostile cognitions, and abusive supervision. We obtained the same pattern of results in Studies 2, 3, and 4 using an implicit measure of hostile cognitions and controlling for previously established antecedents of abusive supervision. Angry rumination moderated the indirect relationship between supervisorsí history of family aggression and abusive supervision via hostile affect only. Overall, the results highlight the important role of supervisor-level factors in the abusive supervision dynamics.
Publication Title: Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 99(5)
Pub Year: 2014
Pages: 883 – 897
Keywords: supervisor abusiveness, influence, agression

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