An Unconscious Desire for Hierarchy? The Motivated Perception of Dominance Complementarity in Task Partners
Author(s): Larissa Z Tiedens, Miguel M Unzueta, Maia J. Young
Abstract: In 6 studies, the authors examined the perception of dominance complementarity, which is the perception of a target as different from the self in terms of dominance. The authors argue that these perceptions are motivated by the desire for positive task relationships. Because dominance complementarity bodes well for task-oriented relationships, seeing dominance complementarity allows one to be optimistic about a work relationship. As evidence that perceptions of dominance complementarity are an instance of motivated perception, the authors show that complementary perceptions occur when participants think about or expect task-oriented relationships with the target and that perceptions of dominance complementarity are enhanced when individuals care about the task component of the relationship.
Publication Title: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol 93(3), pg. 402-414
Pub Year: 2007
URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.93.3.402
Keywords: complementarity, hierarchy, dominance, task orientation, interpersonal theory, motivation

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